But when it actually came about the collapse of Tsarism happened astonishingly quickly. When Lenin addressed the Second All-Russia Congress of Soviets on 26 Octoberthe day after the provisional government was dispatched into the dustbin of history, he finished his report by announcing: Once through Germany, Lenin continued by ferry to Lenin and april thesisand the remainder of the journey through Scandinavia was subsequently arranged by Swedish communists Otto Grimlund and Ture Nerman.
The specific feature of the present situation in Russia is that the country is passing from the first stage of the revolution — which, owing to the insufficient class-consciousness and organisation of the proletariat, placed power in the hands of the bourgeoisie — to its second stage, which must place power in the hands of the proletariat and the poorest sections of the peasants… This peculiar situation demands of us an ability to adapt ourselves to the special conditions of Party work among unprecedentedly large masses of proletarians who have just awakened to political life.
As long as we are in the minority we carry on the work of criticising and exposing errors and at the same time we preach the necessity of transferring the entire state power to the Soviets of Workers Deputies, so that people may overcome their mistakes by experience. The Mensheviks held to the view that the Russian Revolution would be a bourgeois revolution led by the bourgeoisie while the Bolsheviks believed that the Russian bourgeoisie was too weak and supine to lead a revolution against the Tsar and therefore that the workers would be forced to take the leadership role and bring about the bourgeois revolution.
The demand for power to the soviets crystallised the issue of state power and was to be the bedrock upon which all other demands depended. Abolition of the police, the Army and the bureaucracy. I read them out, and gave the text to Comrade Tsereteli.
The organisation of separate Soviets of Deputies of Poor Peasants… 7. The original Bolshevik stance on the issue of the provisional government had been thrashed out at their London conference in Confiscation of all landed estates. For Lenin the proletariat could never gain anything discernible out of a capitalist war.
The circumstances of the April Theses have to be set firmly in the context of the pull of rapprochement with the Mensheviks and the wider gravitational drag of left reformism.
The salaries of all officials, all of whom are elective and displaceable at any time, not to exceed the average wage of a competent worker.
Rather they viewed it as a transient phenomenon, rising and falling as a consequence of the changing balance of forces within the course of the wider struggle against Tsarism. The utter falsity of all its promises should be made clear, particularly of those relating to the renunciation of [territorial] annexations.
Alteration of the Party Programme, mainly on the question of imperialism and the imperialist war… Change of the party name.
While the Bolsheviks remained in a minority they had both to criticise and expose errors but at the same time advocate the strategic and political importance of: Nevertheless it is clear that, while Lenin was correctly convinced that the only road to peace lay in the overthrow of the provisional government, Kamenev and other leading old Bolsheviks were prepared to give succour to a government that was still thoroughly committed to the war aims of the Entente alliance that had bound Tsarist Russia to British and French imperialism.
On 24 April at the seventh All-Russia Conference of the Bolsheviks, Lenin was to spell out this point more forcefully: The latter represented the democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and poor peasants the batraki represented in their millions in the uniform of the Russian army.
According to the two stages theory, therefore, the working class and consequently socialism must always wait.
Confiscation of all landed estates. Three, that a complete break be effected with all capitalist interests… 2. Lenin did not argue that the soviet was a higher type of government merely because it was superior to parliamentary democracy. They cannot be dismissed as much ado about nothing. This peculiar situation demands of us an ability to adapt ourselves to the special conditions of Party work among unprecedentedly large masses of proletarians who have just awakened to political life.
Notwithstanding the April Theses Lih primarily endorses the view that the October Revolution was not a socialist revolution at all—but the completion of the project of pushing the bourgeois democratic revolution to its furthermost limit.
See Article History Alternative Title: That is because in such conditions, a purely bourgeois imperialism would not vanish, but would only gain strength.
This specific situation demands of us the ability to adapt ourselves to the specific requirements of Party work among unprecedented large masses of proletarians who have just awakened to political life.Indeed, most mainstream historians, studying memoir literature or contemporary records, have concurred, viewing the April Theses and the April debates in Bolshevik Party circles that followed them, for good or ill, as Lenin’s triumph.
Lecture on the centenary of the Russian Revolution Lenin’s Return to Russia and the April Theses By James Cogan 8 May We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered on Saturday, May. Indeed, most mainstream historians, studying memoir literature or contemporary records, have concurred, viewing the April Theses and the April debates in Bolshevik Party circles that followed them, for good or ill, as Lenin’s triumph.
April Theses: April Theses, in Russian history, program developed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution ofcalling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in Aprilcontributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup.
On April 4th, only a day after arriving in Petrograd, Lenin presented his set of policies and ideas to the April Conference of the Bolsheviks.
This document was the April Theses. His speech formed the basis of the April Theses that were published in Pravda, the Bolshevik Party newspaper, on April 7th.
The Theses were not party policy but in the following weeks Lenin proved that from afar he had understood better than many of the Bolshevik leaders in Russia the feelings and aspirations of the workers and soldiers.Download